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小升初英语基本语法与练习六 简单句

[08-24]   来源:http://www.sparkbyadri.com  小升初英语指导   阅读:490

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  知识要点

  根据句子的结构,英语的句子可分为简单句、并列句和复合句。简单句的基本形式是由一个主语加一个谓语构成。其它各种句子形式都是由此句型发展而来。

  1)简单句的五种基本句型

  1. 主语+谓语(不及物动词) [S + V] 如:The children are playing happily.

  2. 主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语 [S+V+O] 如:The Greens enjoy living in China.

  3. 主语+谓语+表语 [S+V+P]

  该句型谓语动词为连系动词。常见的系动词有:be(是); get(变得), become(成为), turn(变得), look(看起来), feel(感到), smell(闻起来), taste(尝起来), sound(听起来), seem(似乎) 等The apple pie tastes really delicious.

  4. 主语+谓语+间接宾语+直接宾语 [S+V+InO+DO]

  这种句型中的及物动词后跟双宾语,既指人的间接宾语和指物的直接宾语。也可以把间接宾语放在直接宾语之后,但要加介词for或to。如:

  ① My aunt bought me a computer. = My aunt bought a computer for me.

  ② I passed him the salt. = I passed the salt to him.

  5. 主语+谓语+宾语+宾语补足语 [S+V+O+OC] We must keep our school clean.

  练习:

  用五个英语的基本句型各造3个英语句子

  1.[S + V]

  ________________________________________________________________

  2. [S+V+O]

  ________________________________________________________________

  3.[S+V+P ________________________________________________________________

  4.[S+V+InO+DO] ________________________________________________________________

  5.[S+V+O+OC]

  ________________________________________________________________

  2)一般疑问句

  一般疑问句对全句提出疑问,用yes或no回答。其结构为:be动词(is, am, was, were)或情态动词(can, will, shall)或助动词(do, does, did)+主语+其他?通常译为"...吗?"如:Are you a student? Can you sing an English song?  Did they watch TV last night?

  练习:

  I. 将下列句子改为一般疑问句。1-4句作肯定回答,5-8句作否定回答。

  1. My sister is older than Mary.

  ____________________________________________________________

  2. They like collecting leaves.

  ____________________________________________________________

  3. Mr Green was here yesterday.

  ____________________________________________________________

  4. We took lots of pictures last week.

  ____________________________________________________________

  5. Jim does well in English.

  ____________________________________________________________

  6. She can sing and dance.

  ____________________________________________________________

  7. There are some sheep on the hill.

  ____________________________________________________________

  II.根据所给答语,选择相应的问句。

  (  )1.Yes, I do.                 A. Is it time to have a lesson?

  (  )2. No, you can't.             B. Do you often go to the supermarket ?

  (  )3. No, she isn't.              C. Are their friends from different countries?

  (  )4. Yes, they are.              D. Is Nancy a Japanese girl?

  (  )5. No, it's time to have a rest.   E. Can I play the piano now?

  (  )6. No, he didn't.              F. Did Sam run faster than Tom three years ago?

  III. 根据实际情况回答问题。

  1. Are you a student?

  ________________________________________

  2. Is your mum a nurse?

  ________________________________________

  3. Do you like English?

  ________________________________________

  4. Are there any Japanese students in your school?

  ________________________________________

  5. Would you like some apples?

  ________________________________________

  知识要点

  3)特殊疑问句

  特殊疑问句由特殊疑问词引导,针对句子中的某一个具体部分提问,要求作具体回答。特殊疑问句的结构一般是:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句语序?我们所用的"对划线部分提问"的题目就是将陈述句转变为特殊疑问句。

  练习:

  对下列句中画线部分内容提问。

  1. Her uncle is John.

  ________________________________________________.

  2. Her uncle's name is John.

  ________________________________________________.

  3. They go to school at about 7:00 every morning.

  _______________________________________________.

  4. My father is a driver.

  _______________________________________________.

  5. They are going to fly kites in the park.

  _______________________________________________.

  6. It's about four kilometers away from here.

  _______________________________________________.

  7. My father is cleaning the car.

  _______________________________________________.

  8. The woman in the car is my aunt.

  _______________________________________________.


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