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小升初英语毕业总复习5 阅读理解

[08-24]   来源:http://www.sparkbyadri.com  小升初英语指导   阅读:821

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  阅读是英语理解能力的表现形式,也是词汇、句式、语法的综合运用。阅读包含朗读(认读)和理解,也就是说一篇文章既要能够朗读下来,也要理解短文的意思,进而完成与短文相关的题目。所以理解部分也称为阅读理解。

      阅读是一个比较综合的题目,对所掌握的英语技能的程度要求比较高。所以在同学们平时的学习中,既要重视对英语基础知识的掌握,又要养成阅读的好习惯,加强练习。

  1、当你拿到一篇短文时,先要通读全文。切记不要一上来就一句一句地看,一句一句一理解,这样做会影响你对整篇文章的理解和认识。在通读文章的时候如果遇上生词,先不要管它,略过生词继续通读全文。

  2、读完第一遍,再从头阅读。这一遍要注意句式和语法,了解文章内容,特别是事件发生的时间,同时来猜测一下生词的含义。

  3、在你读第三遍的时候,要关注文章中提到的人物、时间、地点、发生了什么事等信息。这样你就可以完全了解文章

  一般说来,在练习、考试中完成阅读理解的题目和去阅读一篇文章是有区别的。在练习、考试中阅读一篇文章更多的是为了完成各种题目,而并非要真正对一篇文章有全面的了解,所以方法上会有一些不同。

  1、首先要关注文章的题目,因为题目往往就是文章的中心所在。

  2、其次在认读整篇文章后,要关注文章中出现了哪些人物,提到了什么时间,说到了哪个地点,发生了什么事情,这些都是你完成题目的关键信息。

  3、第三要看清题目的形式,通常会有3种类型:(1)选择题;(2)判断题;(3)回答问题。在这三种形式中,相对而言,判断题的难度最小,回答问题的难度比较大。完成判断题的选择题最为有效的方法,也是同学们使用最多的方法是用题目中的句子去和文章里的原句对照,通过对照进行判断或选择。在完成回答问题的题目时,先要读懂问句的意思,再从文章中找出相应的内容,在对问题进行笔答时,要注意句式、人称与动词的形式、时态等。

  

   (一) 根据短文内容判断正(T)误(F)

  此类题目要求快速浏览所给图片和文字,初步把握内容,了解大意;然后细读,抓住主要内容和细节,标出关键词语,以便验证;也可以先浏览题目,明确要求后再看文章,然后做出判断。这样不但节省时间,提高速度,而且可以抓住重点,做到有的放矢。

  1.         阅读短文,根据短文内容选择正确答案,

   My Class

    I study at Yu Hong Primary School in Guangzhou. I have forty—seven classmates (同学). Twenty—three are boys and twenty—four are girls. Our classroom is a nice one. It’s very big. There are four windows and two doors in it. We have a big blackboard and a small one. The big one is for our teachers and the small one is for us. Mr. Li is our Chinese teacher. He is an old man. We don’t like him at all. But Miss Chen, our English teacher, is a young woman. She is very nice. We all like her very much. So we like English the best. We often play basketball with Miss Li.

  (1). (           ) I am a        .       A. student   B. pupil   C. teacher

  (2). (           ) There are      .        A. Forty—eight B. forty—seven C. forty—six

  (3). (           ) Our classroom is      .  A. small B. old C. nice

  (4). (           ) There is only one       in our classroom.

  A. blackboard   B. small blackboard C. big window

  (5). (           ) Our favorite subject is          .

    A. Chinese     B. English         C. basketball

  2. Kim is a girl. She is twelve. Her parents are doctors. Kim can do many things. After school, she often helps her mother. She studies very hard. She is good at math, and she can speak English and Chinese. After supper, she watches TV.

  (    ) 1. Kim’s father is a doctor.

  (    ) 2. Kim’s mother is a nurse.

  (    ) 3. Kim can’t do any thing.

  (    ) 4. Kim can’t speak Chinese.

  (    ) 5. She doesn’t watch TV.

  (    ) 6. She is good at math.

  3、阅读文章,并判断所给的句子是否与短文的内容相符,如相符,在括号内写“T”,如不符,在括号内写“F”。

    There are three children under the tree. They are all my good friends. The boy in black is Tom. The girl in pink and the girl in red is Emma.

    Tom is in the same class with me. We often play football together. Tom’s mother is a nurse and his father is a teacher. Tom wants to be a doctor in the future.

    Jane’s mother and my mother work at the same factory. They are also good friends. Jane’s father is a teacher. He teaches math very well. He is very kind and we all like him.

    Emma’s family just moved into the town from countryside. Her farther used to be a farmer. He is now working in a small company. Emma’s mother is a housewife.

  (   ) (1) There are one boy and two girls under the tree.   

  (   ) (2) There are only two people in Tom’s family.

  (   ) (3) Tom’s mother is a doctor.         

  (   ) (4) My mother is a worker.

  (   ) (5) Jane’s father teaches math.       

  (   ) (6) Emma used to live in the town.

  (   ) (7) Emma’s father was a farmer.

  

  (二)根据短文内容选择正确答案。

  注重理解整篇短文的内容,在阅读时不要抓住一个单词,一个词组的意思不放,从而影响对整篇文章的理解。其实有些生词是不影响阅读的,而有些生词是可以根据上下文的意思推敲出来的。因此,不必把它拿出来单独思考。然后再在理解的基础上进行分析,通过逻辑思维,做出选择,完成题目。

  1. I am a boy. My name is Li Ming. I am ten. I am a pupil. I have two friends. One is Danny. The other one is Jenny. Jenny is pupil, too. We are in the same row. We like Danny.

  (   ) (1) How old is Li Ming?

       A. He’s ten.                      B: He’s eleven.

  (   ) (2) Is Li Ming a teacher?

       A: Yes, he is.                    B: No, he isn’t.

  (   ) (3) Is Jenny a pupil?

      A. Yes, she is.                    B: No, she isn’t.

  (   ) (4) How old is Danny?

     A. Sorry, I don’t know.              B: She is eleven.

  (   ) (5) Are Li Ming and Jenny in the same class?

     A: Yes, they are.                   B: No, they aren’t.

  

  2. I am Mike. I am a American boy. Now I’m in China. I live in Shanghai. It’s a very beautiful city. I study in a school here. I usually go to school by bus. I like playing football very much. I play it with my friends on the weekends. My mother is a TV reporter. She goes to work by subway. She likes singing very much. She often listens to music on TV. My father is a teacher. He teaches P.E. in a school. He goes to work on foot. He likes art. He often draws pictures on Saturday.

  (   ) (1) Mike lives in __________ now.

  A. Shanghai            B: Beijing            C: America

  (   ) (2) Mike is a __________ now.

  A. teacher             B. a reporter          C. student

  (   ) (3) Mike’s hobby is _________________

  A. playing football       B. listening to music      C. painting

  (   ) (4) His father goes to work __________

  A. by subway            B.  on foot             C. by bus

  

  3. One day, after school the teacher says to his students: “Tomorrow morning if anyone of you can answer my first questions, he or she can go home early.”

    The next day, when the teacher comes into the classroom, he finds the blackboard very dirty. He is very angry and asks: ”Who did it? Please stand up!” “It’s me.” Says Tom. “ Now , I can go home. Goodbye. Sir!”

   (    ) (1) Tom is the teacher’s ___________

   A. friend        B. student           C. brother          D. son

  (    ) (2) Tom makes ____________ dirty.

  A. the desk        B. the chair        C. the window       D. the blackboard

  (    ) (3) the teacher is very angry because__________

  A. Tom can answer his first question        B. Tom doesn’t stand up

  C: the blackboard is very dirty             D. the classroom is very clean

  (    ) (4) The teacher asks the students to _____________

  A. stand up       B. sit down        C. go homes        D. clean the blackboard

  (    ) (5) Which is true?

  A. It is good for Tom to do it.              B. Tom is late for school.

  C. Tom goes home early every day.         D. Tom is a naughty student.

  4、选择填空。

    Mike likes to collect stamps. He started this hobby of collecting stamp the year before last. He has stamps from China, France and Japan. But most of his stamps are from China, because he has lots of friends in China.

    Mike’s stamps are of various shapes –triangle, square, rectangle and circle. His favorite shape is circle. Mike puts all his shapes in several albums. To increase his collection, Mike sometimes exchanges stamps with his friends.

    John is one of his friends, who also like to collect stamps. His stamps are pretty and colorful. John and Mike meet once a week. Each time they meet they will show each other their new collection.

  (1) Mike’s hobby is to               A. collect stamps   B. make friends   C. travelling   D. keep albums

  (2) Most of Mike’s stamps are from           

     A. Japan    B. France     C. China      D. Not mentioned   

  (3) Mike has stamps of            different shapes.

     A. five     B. four       C. three        D. two

  (4) John is Mike’s                  A. father             B. neighbor     C. classmate    D. friend

  (5) How often do John and Mike meet?

    A. four times a week     B. three times a week      C. twice a week      D. once a week

  

  (三)根据短文内容回答问题。

   此类题目是阅读理解中相对而言较复杂的题型,它要求我们在理解的基础上进行分析,并做出合乎情理的解答,且要注意用词和句子结构,要避免语法错误。

  1. This is RDZ, the working robot. RDZ lives with the Spacy family in Spaceville(太空村). He helps the family with the housework every day. He cleans the house, washes the clothes and dishes. He knows how to cook well. RDZ doesn’t eat normal(普通的) food. He eats tins and watches and he drinks oil. Do Mr. and Mrs. Spacy eat these things? Never.

    RDZ often helps Mr and Mrs Spacy’s children with their homework. This year he is teaching them Space language. The children are very clever.

    The Spacy family are holiday on Mars(火星). They will come back home in two days. So RDZ has a wonderful time. He won’t clean. He can sit in front of the TV and eat a lot of food.

  (1) Where does RDZ live with the Spacy family? ________________________________

  (2) What does RDZ eat and drink every day? ____________________________________

  (3) Is RDZ teaching Mr. and Mrs. Spacy’s children English? _________________________

  (4) Does RDZ have a wonderful time? __________________________________________

  (5) When will Mr. and Mrs. Spacy be back? _______________________________________

  2. My name is Wang Lin. There are four people in my family. They are my father, my mother, my little brother and I. my father is a teacher. He likes drawing pictures. He works in a school. He goes to work by bus. My mother is a nurse. She likes listening to music. She works in a hospital. She goes to work by bus. My brother is a student. Hw likes watching TV. He goes to work on foot. I like playing football. I go to school by bike.

  (1) Who works in a school? _________________________________________________

  (2) What does Wang Lin’s mother do? ________________________________________

  (3) What does Wang Lin like doing? _________________________________________

  (4) Is Wang Lin’s brother a student? ___________________________________________

  (5) Does Wang Lin’s father go to work by bus? _________________________________

  3. It’s Monday today. It’s twelve o’clock now. Jenny and her classmates are having lunch in the classroom. What’s on Jenny’s desk? There are some apples, bread and some eggs. Oh, they are very delicious.

  (1) What day is it today? _______________________________________________

  (2) What’s the time? ___________________________________________________

  (3) Who is having lunch? ________________________________________________

  (4) What’s on Jenny’s desk? _____________________________________________

  (5) Are there any bananas on Jenny’s desk? __________________________________

  

  (四)、根据短文内的汉语提示,补全单词。

  根据汉语提示补全短文,一定要注意文中的时态、人称等。填完单词以后一定要再通读一遍文章,保证文章通顺、合理。

   The Green     (1)       (喜欢) going out for a trip on Sunday. This     (2)       (周日)they want to go to the park. Jack and Mike, their     (3)     (儿子)get up very early. They put on the same     (4)      (牛仔裤), the same      (5)      (鞋). After that they      (6)       their mother do the housework. They put some bread, meat ,   (7)    (蛋)and some fruit in a basket and     (8)      (搬)  it to the car. Mrs. Green takes four     (9)      (罐)of coke with her. The little dog is      (10)     (跑) after her.

  (五)完形填空。

  在处理完形填空时,一定要先将文章的大概意思弄懂,然后再考虑用单词的什么形式来填空。

  1. One day, Mr. Ampere went out    (1)    a walk in the street. There    (2)    a lot of people there. But all this was    (3)   to him. He was thinking    (4)     a maths problem. He had no paper with him. How could he      (5)    it out?

   Just then hw saw a blackboard in front of him. He began to write the     (6)    with a piece of chalk on it. Then the blackboard moved     (7)   . he moved with it. But it moved so         (8)      that he could not catch up with it. He looked     (9)    and saw the “blackboard”     (10)     him.

   Why? It was the back of a carriage(马车)!

  (    ) (1) A. to             B. by             C. for            D. with

  (    ) (2) A. were           B. are            C. is             D. was

  (    ) (3) A. nothing         B. anything        C. something      D. everything

  (    ) (4) A. on             B. off             C. about          D. hard

  (    ) (5) A. work           B. start            C, take           D. bring

  (    ) (6) A. word           B. start            C, take           D. bring

  (    ) (7) A. few            B. little            C. a few          D. a little

  (    ) (8) A. early           B. fast             C. slowly         D. quietly

  (    ) (9) A. down           B. up              C. in            D. out

  (    ) (10) A. behind         B. beside           C. above         D. before

  2. Bob thought that he was very clever. He thought that no one could fool(欺骗)him because he     (1)       too clever. One day he     (2)    to Dick, the man on watching at the gate:“You     (3)    fool me. Dick. You     (4)    too foolish!”

    “    (5)    here by this gate.” Answered Dick, “I      (6)     a way to fool you.” then he went home.

    Two hours later another young man       (7)     along.

    “Why are you standing here?”  he     (8)     bob.

    “ I     (9)    for Dick, ” answered Bob, “ he is going to try fool me.”

   “Dick    (10)    home. ” said the young man, “ He has already fooled you!”

  (    ) (1) A. is             B. was          C. will be         D. is going to

  (    ) (2) A. said           B. says          C. was saying      D. is saying

  (    ) (3) A. don’t          B. didn’t         C. can never       D. never

  (    ) (4) A. were          B. are           C. will be          D. was

  (    ) (5) A. Wait          B. Waits         C. Waited          D. Wait for

  (    ) (6) A. will find       B. found         C. find            D. founded

  (    ) (7) A. comes         B. came         C. had come        D. coming

  (    ) (8) A. asked          B. asks          C. is asking        D. told

  (    ) (9) A. was waiting     B. waited       C. am waiting      D. were waiting

  (    ) (10) A. goes        B. has gone       C. had gone         D. went


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