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小学六年级英语语法专项训练:形容词和副词的比较

[11-09]   来源:http://www.sparkbyadri.com  六年级英语试题   阅读:629

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正文: 一、形容词的比较级
  1、形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后面一般带有单词than。比较级前面可以用more, a little 来修饰表示程度。than后的人称代词用主格(口语中可用宾格)。
  2.形容词加er的规则:
  ⑴一般在词尾加er ;
  ⑵以字母e 结尾,加r ;
  ⑶以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加er ;
  ⑷以"辅音字母+y"结尾,先把y变i,再加er 。
  3.不规则形容词比较级:
  good-better, beautiful-more beautiful
  二、副词的比较级
  1.形容词与副词的区别 (有be用形,有形用be;有动用副,有副用动)
  ⑴在句子中形容词一般处于名词之前或be动词之后
  ⑵副词在句子中最常见的是处于实义动词之后
  2.副词比较级的变化规则基本与形容词比较级相同 (不规则变化:well-better, far-farther)
  练习
  一)、写出下列形容词或副词的比较级
  old__________ young________ tall_______ long________
  short________ strong________ big________ small_______
  fat_________ thin__________ heavy______ light________
  nice_________ good_________ beautiful__________________
  low__________ high_________ slow_______ fast________
  late__________ early_________ far_________ well_______
  二)、根据句意填入单词的正确形式:
  1. My brother is two years __________(old)than me.
  2. Tom is as ________(fat) as Jim.
  3. Is your sister __________(young) than you? Yes,she is.
  4. Who is ___________(thin),you or Helen? Helen is.
  5. Whose pencil-box is __________(big),yours or hers? Hers is.
  6. Mary's hair is as __________(long) as Lucy's.
  7.Ben ______ (jump) ________ (high) than some of the boys in his class.
  8.________ Nancy sing __________ (well) than Helen? Yes, she _____.
  9.Fangfang is not as _________ (tall) as the other girls.
  10.My eyes are __________(big) than ________ (she)..
  11.Which is ___________(heavy),the elephant or the pig?
  12.Who gets up _________(early),Tim or Tom?
  13._____the girls get up_______(early) than the boys?No,they______.
  14. Jim runs _____(slow). But Ben runs _____(slow).
  15.The child doesn't______(write) as ____(fast) as the students.
  三)、翻译句子:
  1、谁比Jim年纪大?是你。
  ________ is _________than Jim? ________ are
  2、谁比David更强壮?是Gao Shan.
  ________ _________ than David? Gao Shan ________.
  3、谁的铅笔更长,他的还是她的?我想是她的。
  _________ pencil is _________,______or________?________is,I think.
  4、谁的苹果更重,你的姐姐的还是你的弟弟的? 我的弟弟的。
  _________ apples ________ ________,your _______ or your _______?
  My ____________ ___________.
  5、你和你的叔叔一样高吗?是的。
  _________ ________as _________as your uncle?Yes,I am.
  6、他和他的朋友Jim一样年轻。
  He _______ as __________ as ________ ________ Jim.
  7、她和她的双胞胎哥哥一样胖吗?不,她比他瘦。
  ________ ________ as _________ as______ twin _______?
  No, _________ _________ than him.
  8.Yang Ling每天睡得比SuYang晚。
  Yang Ling ________ to _______ ________ than Su Yang every day.
  9.我跳得和Mike一样远。
  I _________ as _______ as Mike.
  10.Tom比你跑得快吗?不是的,他和我跑得一样快。
  ____ Tom _____ _____ than you?No,he _______. He_____ as_____ as_____.
  11.多做运动,你会更强壮。
  ________ more exercise,you'll ________ _________ soon.
  12.我的科学很好,但是语文不好。
  I ______ ________ at Science.But I don't _________ well in Chinese.
  13. 你放风筝比王兵放得高吗?不,我比他放得低。
  ____you_______the kite_____than Wang bing?No,I______it _____than___.
  14.我喜欢游泳。我所有的朋友都游得比我慢。
  I like_______.All my______ _______ _______than me.
  15.我的姐姐起得比我早。
  My_____ _____ up _____than me.
  16.女孩比男孩唱得好吗?是的。
  ____the girls______ ______ ______the boys? Yes,they ____.
  17.她不擅长体育。但我跳得没有她高。
  She doesn't ____ _____ in PE. But I don't ______ _____than_____.
  18.你足球踢得比你的同班同学好吗?不,他们踢得和我一样好。
  ___ you ____football _____than your classmates?No,they____as____as me.
  19.我母亲比我父亲年纪小。
  My_____ _____ ______than my ______.
  20.她的毛衣和我的一样重。
  _____sweater_____ as_______as_____.
  21.我的连衣裙太短了。我想买一条大点的。
  My dress_____ too_____. I want to _____a______one.
  22. I'm taller than Mike .(该成用原级的比较)
  I'm _________ as ________ as Mike.

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